Billings Clinic
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Science Expo

  The Scientific Method

All scientists use the steps of the scientific method to arrive at answers to their questions. It is one of the fundamentals of scientific research.

  1. Identify a problem you would like to investigate.
  2. Collect background information (for example, do a literature search on the topic).
  3. Form a hypothesis. A hypothesis is an educated guess about what should happen that needs to be verified by doing an experiment.
  4. Design an experiment to test the hypothesis. It is important for your experiment to be a “fair test”. You conduct a “fair test” by changing only one factor at a time while keeping all other factors the same.
  5. Perform the experiment. Throughout the process of doing your science project, you should keep a journal where you write down all of your important ideas and the results of your experiments. This journal is called your laboratory notebook.
  6. Repeat the experiment, if possible, to ensure that your results weren’t arrived at accidentally.
  7. Analyze the date collected and state the results.
  8. Draw conclusions from the data. Did you prove your hypothesis? If not, why not? Do you need to rethink your hypothesis? If you do, go back to step 3 and follow the scientific method again.
  9. Discuss the applications of your conclusions.
  10. Communicate your results by preparing your exhibit. Your exhibit should summarize your investigation.

Monday - Friday
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Billings Clinic Hospital
2800 10th Ave. North
Billings, MT 59101
Science Expo Questions

Robyn Marchant
Science Expo Coordinator
2800 10th Ave. North
Billings, MT 59101

Research Related Questions
Call or email us. 406-255-8470 or 1-800-996-2663 (toll-free)

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