Labyrinthitis is inflammation of the structures of the inner
It can be caused by a viral or, less commonly, a bacterial
infection. Bacterial labyrinthitis may begin after a middle ear infection. It may lead to a serious infection of the lining of the brain (meningitis).
Symptoms last a few days to a week. They include dizziness and a sensation
of spinning or whirling (vertigo) that may be severe enough to cause nausea or
vomiting. Labyrinthitis may cause hearing loss that is usually
Labyrinthitis usually goes away on its own. Antibiotics
will be prescribed if the cause is a bacterial infection. Other medicines,
such as those that reduce nausea and dizziness, may be needed for symptoms of
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Barrie J. Hurwitz, MD, MD - Neurology
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