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Illness & Conditions - Definition

Ménière's Disease

Ménière's Disease

Ménière's (say "men-YEERS") disease is a disorder of the inner ear that affects hearing and balance. It causes sudden attacks of vertigo (a spinning sensation), tinnitus (a loud ringing in the ears), and hearing loss that may be temporary or permanent.

It may also cause:

  • Nausea and vomiting that occur with vertigo.
  • A feeling of pressure or fullness in the ear.

The cause of Ménière's disease is not known, but it may be related to a fluid imbalance in the inner ear.

Treatment includes medicines and sometimes surgery. Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, salt, and stress may prevent attacks of vertigo.

Last Revised: April 12, 2012

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Barrie J. Hurwitz, MD - Neurology

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